Litrature review

If you are using an electronic form of note taking, you might note these descriptors in a separate field e. Since different research studies focus on different aspects of the issue being studied, each article that you read will have different emphases, strengths.

How will you further your research as a result of the review. A review organized in this manner would shift between time periods within each section according to the point made. University College Writing Centre. Is its significance scope, severity, relevance clearly established.

Choose an area of research that is due for a review. Does the author include literature taking positions she or he does not agree with. You can also enter references manually into RefWorks if you need to.

The purpose is to place research in a historical context to show familiarity with state-of-the-art developments and to identify the likely directions for future research. Group the articles into categories e. Common Mistakes to Avoid These are the most common mistakes made in reviewing social science research literature.

Identify gaps in the literature, and reflect on why these might exist based on the understandings that you have gained by reading literature in this field of study.

Guidelines for writing a literature review

Synthesize the literature prior to writing your review Using the notes that you have taken and summary tables, develop an outline of your final review. These gaps will be important for you to address as you plan and write your review.

Will the reader find my literature review relevant, appropriate, and useful. Writing the review Galvan, As you take notes, record which specific aspects of the article you are reading are relevant to your topic as you read you will come up with key descriptors that you can record in your notes that will help you organize your findings when you come to write up your review.

Am I looking at issues of theory. Conducting Research Literature Reviews: Decide on the format in which you will take notes as you read the articles as mentioned above, you can do this in RefWorks.

This is one of the most common problems with student literature reviews. Summarize individual studies or articles with as much or as little detail as each merits according to its comparative importance in the literature, remembering that space length denotes significance.

Narrow the Topic The narrower your topic, the easier it will be to limit the number of sources you need to read in order to obtain a good survey of relevant resources. Plan to describe relevant theories.

Check the flow of your argument for coherence. Other Sections of Your Literature Review Once you've decided on the organizational method for your literature review, the sections you need to include in the paper should be easy to figure out because they arise from your organizational strategy.

Literature reviews are designed to provide an overview of sources you have explored while researching a particular topic and to demonstrate to your readers how your research fits within a larger field of study.

Systematic Review This form consists of an overview of existing evidence pertinent to a clearly formulated research question, which uses pre-specified and standardized methods to identify and critically appraise relevant research, and to collect, report, and analyze data from the studies that are included in the review.

Identify major trends or patterns: Your role as a reviewer is to evaluate what you read, so that your review is not a mere description of different articles, but rather a critical analysis that makes sense of the collection of articles that you are reviewing.

Identify gaps in the literature, and reflect on why these might exist based on the understandings that you have gained by reading literature in this field of study.

Often this form is used to help establish a lack of appropriate theories or reveal that current theories are inadequate for explaining new or emerging research problems. This is called citation tracking and there are a number of sources that can help you identify who has cited whom, particularly scholars from outside of your discipline.

Develop a Working Thesis Write a one or two sentence statement summarizing the conclusion you have reached about the major trends and developments you see in the research that has been done on your subject. Sometimes you may need to quote certain terminology that was coined by the author, not common knowledge, or taken directly from the study.

Recapitulate important features of a research study, but then synthesize it by rephrasing the study's significance and relating it to your own work. As you read a range of articles on your topic, you should make note of trends and patterns over time as reported in the literature.

Typically it focuses on a very specific empirical question, often posed in a cause-and-effect form, such as "To what extent does A contribute to B. The purpose is to develop a body of literature that establishes a contrarian viewpoint.

How are they organizing their ideas. Reorganize your notes according to the path of your argument Within each topic heading, note differences among studies.

What is a Literature Review?

Sort through other current bibliographies or literature reviews in the field to get a sense of what your discipline expects. Decide on the format in which you will take notes as you read the articles as mentioned above, you can do this in RefWorks. Note key statistics that you may want to use in the introduction to your review.

A literature review may consist of simply a summary of key sources, but in the social sciences, a literature review usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis, often within specific conceptual categories. A summary is a recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a re-organization, or.

A literature review may constitute an essential chapter of a thesis or dissertation, or may be a self-contained review of writings on a subject. In either case, its purpose is to: Place each work in the context of its contribution to the understanding of the subject under review.

As part of their research program, many students are instructed to perform a literature review, without always understanding what a literature review is. Literature Reviews: An Overview for Graduate Students.

What is a literature review? What purpose does it serve in research? What should you expect when writing one? What is a literature review? If you have to write an undergraduate dissertation, you may be required to begin by writing a literature review. A literature review is a search and evaluation of the available literature in your given subject or chosen topic area.

A literature review surveys books, scholarly articles, and any other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works in relation to the research problem being investigated.

Litrature review
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